Perinatal stem cells are those derived right before or after birth. They include those derived from the umbilical cord blood and tissue, placental blood and tissue, and amniotic tissue and fluid.
When stem cells were first identified, only two types of stem cells were described: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Today, a diverse range of stem cells exist, because the diversity of adult stem cell types has substantially expanded and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have since been discovered. [Read more…]