Cord tissue banking is the processing and storage of a newborn’s umbilical cord tissue or the components contains, such as Wharton’s jelly. Wharton’s jelly is a thick, gelatinous substance present within the human umbilical cord that contains a range of important cell types, such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), fibroblasts and macrophages.
Cord Tissue Banking and Its Benefits
In this article:
Definition of Cord Tissue Banking
Additionally, MSCs are well-known for their capacity to influence repair through paracrine signalling, a type of cell-to-cell communication in which they exert anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic (anti-scarring) effects.
While umbilical cord blood bank be either publicly donated or privately stored, umbilical cord tissue can only be privately stored.
This is because federally funded public cord blood banks do not collect umbilical cord tissue, due to the lack of approved used for umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs).
In contrast, private cord blood banks offer cord tissue banking to families for a fee, because regenerative medicine technologies are rapidly expanding and MSCs from a range of sources are now being explored in 800+ clinical trials worldwide.
History of Cord Tissue Banking
However, the service of cord tissue banking did not emerge until much later.
It was not until 2008 that cord tissue banking was introduced as a service within Asia, when a Taiwanese company, HealthBanks Biotech Company Ltd., began offering the service – making it the first company worldwide to do so.
HealthBaby, a Hong Kong-based company subsequently launched the service in 2009, and another Hong Kong-based company, CryoLife, added the service that year as well.
Therefore, Asia is recognized as the region within which cord tissue banking emerged as a commercial service.
Cord Tissue Banking in U.S.
Pairing cord tissue storage with cord blood storage has become a widespread practice across industry.
To learn more, view the “Global Cord Blood Industry Report.”
1. Global Cord Blood Industry Report 2018 (BioInformant). Available at: https://bioinformant.wpengine.com/product/cord-blood-banking-industry-report/